Maxima Medical Center, one of the projectpartners in Inno4Health, recently published a study called: Exercise-related major adverse cardiovascular events in asymptomatic recreational master athletes: a case series. Please find the abstract below or click here for the publication.
In master athletes, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is the primary condition leading to major adverse cardiovascular events during sports. We report two cases of asymptomatic recreational athletes who suffered from an exercise-induced cardiovascular event.
The first athlete is a 70-year-old male speed skater without known history of cardiovascular disease. He has no typical risk factors for CAD and denied preceding symptoms. During training at the speed skating rink, he suddenly experienced severe chest pain. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed ST-segment elevation in the precordial leads. In the ambulance, an episode of ventricular fibrillation was converted to atrial fibrillation. Coronary angiography showed a thrombus in the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, treated with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor intravenously.
The second athlete is a 59-year-old male endurance athlete who presented with chest pain during cycling. He had a history of cavotricuspid isthmus ablation and pulmonary vein isolation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and flutter but experienced no symptoms in the weeks prior to the event. He also had no risk factors for CAD. ECG showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads and reciprocal depression in V2–V4. Successful primary percutaneous intervention of the circumflex artery was performed.
Limited data are available to guide recommendations for cardiovascular screening in master athletes. Since master athletes with CAD are often asymptomatic, more knowledge on the optimal pre-participation screening algorithm for identifying individuals at risk of adverse cardiac events is required.